Foot & Ankle
Foot & Ankle Anatomy
The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion.
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Arthritis of the Foot & Ankle
Arthritis is inflammation resulting from the degeneration of cartilage in the joint causing pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints resulting in restricted movements.
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Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping.
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The ankle joint is composed of three bones: the tibia, fibula, and talus which are articulated together. The ends of the fibula and tibia (lower leg bones) form the inner and outer malleolus.
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A bunion is a bony protuberance that appears on the external surface of the big toe when it angles toward the adjacent toe. It is an extra bone and a fluid-filled sac that grows at the base of the big toe.
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A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones and provide stability to a joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when you suddenly fall or twist the joint or when you land your foot in an awkward position after a jump.
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Plantar fasciitis refers to inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that lies at the bottom of the foot. It runs from the heel bone to the toe and forms the arch of your foot.
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A bunion, also called a hallux valgus, is an enlargement of bone or soft tissues around the joint at the base of the big toe that results in the formation of a bump. The bone that joins the big toe with the first metatarsal bone thickens.
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Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which an arthroscope, a small, soft, flexible tube with a light and video camera at the end, is inserted into the ankle joint to evaluate and treat a variety of conditions.
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Ankle Joint Replacement
The ankle joint connects the leg with the foot and provides free movement to the foot. It is formed by connecting the bones of the lower leg, tibia and fibula, with the talus, or ankle bone.
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Click on the topics below to find out information about Foot & Ankle from the orthopedic connection website of FootCareMD
Ailments of the Ankle
- Achilles Tendinitis
- Achilles Tendinosis
- Ankle Fracture
- Ankle Sprain
- Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle
- Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain
- High Ankle Sprain
- Insertional Achilles Tendinitis
- Osteochondral Lesion
- Peroneal Tendinosis
- Pilon Fracture
- Sprained Ankle
- Talus Fracture
Ailments of the Midfoot
- Acquired Adult Flatfoot Deformity
- Flat Feet
- Flat Feet & High Arches
- Lisfranc Injury
- Progressive Flatfoot (Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction)
- Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle
- Stress Fracture
Ailments of the Heel
Ailments of the Big Toe
- Athlete's Foot
- Corns and Calluses
- Hallux Rigidus
- Ingrown Toenail
- Morton's Neuroma
- Plantar Warts
- Sesamoid Injuries
- Toe and Forefoot Fractures
- Toenail Fungus